Monitoring and Conversion

  • Tyler Acoustic MM5 Custom Mastering Monitors
  • Emotiva XPA-2 Amplifier
  • Sennheiser HD600 Headphones
  • Lynx HILO Reference A/D D/A Converter System

Outboard Processing

  • Tube Tech HLT2A
  • Chandler Limited Curve Bender EQ
  • Manley Stereo Variable Mu Limiter Compressor
  • Sonic Farm Creamer Plus Preamp/Line Driver


  • Reaper, HOFA, Pro Tools and Triumph for workstations.
  • Plugins and Processing from TDR, iZotope, DMG, Brianworx, Voxengo, Nugen, PSP, Klangfreund, Elysia, Vertigo and Soundtoys. 

Thoughts on Gear...

I've tested, bought and sold many pieces of equipment and software over the years. When I started mastering I focused on getting my room and monitoring solid and added hardware and software as I found a need and could afford it. I tried a lot of "standard" mastering outboard equipment and while I liked many of the pieces, I found something sterile and uninspiring in use. I also found that I'm able to perform much of the more detailed precision mastering work with software options. This all led me to re-think the common belief that a mastering room needs to be based around "clean" or "surgical" outboard equipment. What can't as easily be achieved with software is the feel, tone and character of sound being driven through analog circuitry. I have since focused my outboard processors down to a few pieces that are fairly simple in function and have a sound and tone that compliment my workflow. I don't think of any piece of equipment or software as the magic bullet that will work for every master. Typically, most of my masters are a combination of hardware and software processing. In the end, it's all about listening and choosing the best tools for the production.